Before You Begin
Choosing a Colour:
Choosing a colour can be challenging. Your final choice needs to create a desired mood and make you happy. Take home several paint chips and see how they look in the room. Then put them up against furniture, floors, pictures/paintings or anything else in the room. This can help you narrow down your options.
Choosing a Finish:
- Flat: offers a matte finish which is perfect for covering walls with little wear and tear because it doesn’t reflect light
- Satin and Eggshell: popular for walls because they have very light shine and are easy to clean
- Semi-Gloss and Glossy: both finishes are quite shiny which is popular for trim and is very easy clean
Choosing the Right Amount of Paint:
Add the width of all the walls in the room together and multiply it by the height of the wall (floor to ceiling). Then subtract the total area of all windows, doors and openings. This will give you the exact area of wall-space you will paint. Generally, one gallon of paint will cover 400sqft. Take into account how many coats you think the surface needs.
Preparing to Paint:
- Move furniture or anything that may get in the way like fixtures or hardware
- Wipe down walls with TSP – this will remove dirt, dust and grease
- Fill any cracks and holes with plaster filler and sand any surfaces that will be painted and wipe off excess dust with a damp cloth
- Make sure you have all the brushes, rollers, trays, etc., that you will need before starting to save on mid-project shopping trips
Taping-off Areas to be Painted:
This step is time-consuming but worth it. Use proper painters’ tape to tape off any trim, ceilings, windows, doors, etc. This will ensure a straight line. Remember to remove the tape *before* the paint is fully dried in order to prevent peeling or chipping.
As You Paint
Paint from the Top Down:
Always paint from the top down. This way you can catch any drips that could otherwise ruin a freshly painted wall.
Thin Coat vs Thick Coat:
Although it is more time-consuming, several thin coats will do a better job of covering the walls than one thick coat.
Paint the Trim Last:
Often, the trim can catch some of the off-spray that comes off the rollers. For this reason, it’s best to paint the trim last with a brush where excess paint will not get on the walls.